Depression -The low spirits

Depression -The low spirits

I’m OKAY the biggest lie ! I’m pretty sure that you all have heard about depression a lot and most of you,well….all of you might have faced it at some point of time.The best part is that we have come out of it within few days ,right? well,everyone are not blessed and that’s how it slowly takes over your routine,your energy,your health and everything you own and that’s when you need a little assistance or help.

In 2011, when I was pregnant for 3 months, I had to have an abortion. Baby’s skull was not formed,medically its called anencephaly and they did a D and C. I was home for almost a month kind of depressed ,my family were immense support and with no medical help I was back to normal life. Traumatic events such as the loss of a loved one, financial problems or a high level of stress can trigger persistent depressive disorder in some people,  So these are termed as Persistent depressive disorder ,can be treated and the earlier treatment can begin, the more effective it is.

Perinatal depression that many women experience after giving birth,didn’t you feel you never wanted to take care of baby? didn’t you feel baby is grabbing all your quality time or you felt your body is growing huge ,that suture pains (either episiotomy or the c-section),that back pain,that breast engorgement,all the above ,like an icing on the cake so many advises to the new mother from the elders…no more time for your hot cup of coffee? no pedicure or manicure?Don’t worry it’s just your hormones! But if you’re not still out of it,then you need some help. The feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion that accompany perinatal depression may make it difficult for these new mothers to complete daily activities for themselves and/or for their babies.

Having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations),it comes under Psychotic Depression occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis. (Moonu (3) Tamil movie shows this sort of depression and the condition in that was Bipolar disorder [if it helps you to co-relate])

Seasonal affective disorder is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight.

Bipolar disorder is different from depression, but it is included in this list is because someone with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression (called “bipolar depression”). Let’s talk about BPD later more elaborately.

Not everyone who is depressed experiences every symptom. Some people experience only a few symptoms while others may experience many like

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • Decreased energy or fatigue
  • Moving or talking more slowly
  • Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
  • Appetite and/or weight changes
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment

Depression is usually treated with medications, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. If these treatments do not reduce symptoms, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and other brain stimulation therapies may be options to explore.

All individuals are unique and so there is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ for treatment.

If you wish to see how depression looks like ,you may watch “Girl interrupted ” movie and it may help.

Schizophrenia (Living with Dignity)

Schizophrenia (Living with Dignity)

You might have come across this word so many times and wonder what really it is..?! Let’s see what does it mean, Schizo means to split Phrenia is mind. Yes,the name says it all….It’s a neuro developmental disorder, can affect anyone in the society from lower to higher socio economic groups.  Mainly affects the cognitive (critical thinking) skills of the person.

Causes: 

  • Genetic
  • Environmental
    • Exposure to viruses
    • Malnutrition before birth
    • Problems during birth
    • Psycho-social factors

Symptoms: 

Positive symptoms: “Positive” symptoms are psychotic behaviors not generally seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms may “lose touch” with some aspects of reality. Symptoms include:

  • Hallucinations[a false perception, belief, or impression]
  • Delusions[mistaken impression, false impression, mistaken belief]
  • Thought disorders (unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking)
  • Movement disorders (agitated[nervous] body movements)

Negative symptoms: “Negative” symptoms are associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. Symptoms include:

  • “Flat affect” (reduced expression of emotions via facial expression or voice tone)
  • Reduced feelings of pleasure in everyday life
  • Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities
  • Reduced speaking

Cognitive symptoms: For some patients, the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia are subtle, but for others, they are more severe and patients may notice changes in their memory or other aspects of thinking. Symptoms include:

  • Poor “executive functioning” (the ability to understand information and use it to make decisions)
  • Trouble focusing or paying attention
  • Problems with “working memory” (the ability to use information immediately after learning it)

Seems very complicated? well,not really ! All you want to do is early detection and appropriate treatment (Counseling doesn’t work here) .Be a support to them and help them to live with DIGNITY. 

[Most people with schizophrenia are never violent and indeed do not display any dangerous behaviour. Show some kindness :)] Continue reading “Schizophrenia (Living with Dignity)”